The spine consists of 33 vertebrae that collectively form the spinal column, which protects the spinal cord. The vertebrae are separated by small, disc-like shock absorbers known as spinal discs, and the spinal cord has thousands of nerve roots that leave the spinal canal and reach other parts of the body, transmitting signals between the body and the brain. A spinal fracture occurs when one of the vertebral bones is damaged because of severe injuries or trauma.
When one of the vertebrae is fractured or damaged, the surrounding nerves, intervertebral discs, and spinal cord are also placed at a greater risk. The bone spurs and fragments from the damaged vertebrae can reach the surrounding components of the spine, leading to various other problems, such as stenosis, disc herniation, radiculopathy, and more. Spinal fractures necessitate immediate medical treatments to prevent further damages, so you must consult a reliable spine surgeon as soon as possible.